Term  diabetes

Literally meaning: "to pass through "

Origin: Ancient Greek 
???/dia (=through) 
+ ???????/venein(=to go)

Coined: Aretaeus the Cappadocian, physician of Alexandria, in 2cen, used this term in order to describe the disease characterised by thirsty and excessive discharge of urine in "???? ?????? ??? ??????? ????? ??? ??????? ?????". Eugene J. Leopold in his text Aretaeus the Cappodacian translated Areataeu's diagnosis as "... For fluids do not remain in the body, but use the body anly as a channel through which they may flow out...".
In 17th cen an English doctor Der Thomas Willis (1621-1675), noticed that could diagnose diabetes by sampling urine and test it for sweet taste. In 1921 the Canadian scientist Frederick Banting(1891-1941) and Charles Best(1899-1978), found the beneficial effect of insulin from pancreas extract.

There are two distinct disorders that share the  name diabetes with two major symptoms : thirsty and polyuria
a) diabetes mellitus with high levels of sugar in the blood and b) diabetes insipidus. Diabetes melittus is discriminated from diabetes inspidus as patients have the blood sugar level higher than normal .

comments: Before Aretaeus ( 2c) in Ancient Greece diabetes was known as ????/thipsa or ??????/thipsako (=thirsty)  because of the false conception that the disease is emerged from the great desire for water .

- Glossodynia
Term: glossodyniaLiterally meaning: ?tongue pain?Origin: Anc Greek+ ??????/glossa(=tongue, language) + ?????/odyni(= pain) > ????/diao(=regret)Coined/History  (?)Definition Glossodynia  is a condition characterized by burning sensation in...

- Hypoglycemia
Term: hypoglycemia Origin: Anc Greek ???/hyp?(=prefix meaning ?under?, ?beneath? or ?less?)  +?????? /glycys(=sweet) +?????/aima(suffix denoting blood)Coined:?DefinitionAn abnormally low concentration of glucose (normal glucose range 60?100 mg/dL)...

- Hyperglycemia
Term: hyperglycemia Origin: Anc Greek ????/hyper(=Anc Greek ????/hyper(=prefix meaning something is excessive, above normal)  +?????? /glycys(=sweet) +?????/aima(suffix denoting blood)Coined:?DefinitionAn abnormally high concentration of glucose...

- Pancreas
Term: pancreas Origin: Anc Greek ???/pan(=all) + ?????/creas(=flesh, meat) presumably because of its fleshy consistency as this organ contains neither cartilage nor bone. Coined : The pancreas was first identified for western civilization by Herophilus...

- Coeliac Disease
Term : coeliac (disease) Origin: Ancient Greek coelia> kilia(=belly) Coined: by Aretaeus of Cappadocia (2th cen AD) as kiliakos. Later Samuel Jones Gee (1839 ? 3 1911)  an English physician in 1888,  published the first complete modern description...